Parasomnias are episodes of abnormal or
unwanted behavior in sleep. Usually the behavior is noted by others and
not the patient. Parasomnias often include walking, talking or rocking
during sleep. The most common parasomnias are talking while
asleep, night terrors, starts (body jerks) and REM sleep behavior
disorder, which is characterized by the patient, usually an older male,
acting out his dreams. Parasomnias also include sleepwalking and
bed-wetting. In some cases, parasomnia activity is inherited.
Parasomnias do not always need to be treated. When necessary, medications such as clonazepam may be used.