Anal warts are found around and inside the anus. They are caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Anal wart surgery is a procedure to remove or destroy anal warts.
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Reasons for Procedure
The surgery is done to remove or destroy anal warts if other treatments, like applying medications, are unsuccessful or not advised. Surgery may also be ideal if there are many warts or if the warts are large. If warts are not removed, they can become bigger and multiply. Warts may also lead to an increased risk of anal cancer in the affected area.
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Your doctor may recommend that you clean out your bowels before surgery. To do this:
- Eat a light lunch and a clear, liquid dinner the day before surgery.
- Do not eat or drink after midnight before your surgery.
- Take any medications your doctor suggests at the appropriate time.
- Arrange for a ride home from the hospital.
- Arrange for someone to help you around the house after surgery.
Anesthesia will block any pain. Depending on the location and number of warts, you may either have:
Description of the Procedure
There are different types of surgeries used to remove or destroy anal warts. The type of surgery you will have will depend on different factors, like the number and size of warts. Below is a list of possible procedures:
How Long Will It Take?
This depends on the type of procedure that will be used. It may take several minutes for most procedures.
How Much Will It Hurt?
Anesthesia will block any pain during the procedure. After the procedure, you may feel some pain in and around the anus. Your doctor will give you pain medication to make you more comfortable.
Average Hospital Stay
This procedure is commonly done in an outpatient setting, so you will not need to stay in the hospital. You will be able to go home the day of the surgery.
Following the procedure, the staff may provide you with pain medication to make you more comfortable.
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery. This may include eating foods that are high in fiber and drink plenty of fluids. This will prevent straining and constipation .
Call Your Doctor
Call your doctor if any of these occur:
- Bleeding in the rectal area that cannot be stopped when applying pressure
- Signs of infections, including fever and chills
- Bad-smelling drainage from the anal area or area where you have stitches
- Stitches break open
- Increased swelling in rectal area
- Pain that is not controlled by the medication you were given
- You are not having regular bowel movements
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov
Planned Parenthood https://www.plannedparenthood.org
Health Canada https://www.canada.ca
Sex & U—The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada https://www.sexandu.ca
2015 Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/default.htm. Updated January 25, 2017. Accessed January 10, 2018.
Anal warts and anal dysplasia expanded information. American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.fascrs.org/patients/disease-condition/anal-warts-and-anal-dysplasia-expanded-information. Accessed January 10, 2018.
Genital warts. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/genital-warts. Updated April 2014. Accessed January 10, 2018.
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Removal of anal warts. University of Wisconsin Health website. Available at: https://www.uwhealth.org/healthfacts/dhc/5772.html. Accessed January 10, 2018.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 11/2018
- Update Date: 12/20/2014