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by Scholten A

Definition

Kleptomania is an overwhelming urge to steal. The things stolen are not needed for personal use or value. This is a rare condition.

Causes

The cause is unknown. Chemical imbalances in the brain may play a role.

Frontal Lobe
Frontal lobe
Psychological disorders are sometimes the result of chemical imbalances in the brain. The frontal lobe of the brain is thought to provide impulse control.
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Risk Factors

Kleptomania appears to be more common in females than in males.

This condition often occurs with other mental health problems. These include:

Other things that may raise the risk are:

Symptoms

Kleptomania differs from regular theft. The person does not steal on purpose. Symptoms are:

  • Repeated theft of things that are not of use
  • Relief or pleasure when stealing
  • Guilt or remorse after stealing
  • Theft is not due to anger or personal gain
  • Thefts are not explained by other disorders

Diagnosis

A mental health doctor will ask about your symptoms. Kleptomania is diagnosed when:

  • A person has all the symptoms
  • There is no better reason for repeated thefts
  • Shoplifting or regular theft is ruled out

Treatment

The goal is to stop the behavior. Underlying problems may also need treatment. Options may be:

Prevention

There are no current guidelines to prevent kleptomania.

RESOURCES

American Psychiatric Association  https://www.psychiatry.org 

Mental Health America  http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Mental Health Association  https://cmha.ca 

Canadian Psychiatric Association  http://www.cpa-apc.org 

References

Antidepressant medication overview. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/drug-review/antidepressant-medication-overview. Accessed March 9, 2021.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). American Psychiatric Association; 2013.

Shoplifting and suicide. Dana Foundation website. Available at: https://www.dana.org/article/shoplifting-and-suicide/. Accessed March 9, 2021.

Zhang ZH, Huang FR, et al. Kleptomania: recent advances in symptoms, etiology and treatment. Curr Med Sci. 2018;38(5):937-940.

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrian Preda, MD
  • Review Date: 01/2021
  • Update Date: 00/30/2021