Tularemia is an illness that is caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. It can infect the skin, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal tract or lungs.
You can become infected through contact with an infected animal, through insect bites or via the ingestion of contaminated water. Inhaling infected particles will also result in illness. There is no person-to-person spread of the disease.
Symptoms could include fever, shortness of breath, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, weakness, skin ulceration, swollen lymph glands and sore mouth. The symptoms depend on how the disease was contracted and what form it takes.
The treatment of tularemia involves antibiotic therapy and supportive care in a hospital setting. If you have questions or concerns, please contact your physician or local health department. CDC: Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases Facts about Tularemia