Laryngeal (tracheal) stenosis is a narrowing of the upper airway that results in difficulty breathing. Most commonly, laryngeal stenosis is caused by trauma secondary to endotracheal intubation, particularly if the intubation period is longer than 10 days. Additional causes of laryngeal stenosis include:
Treatment of laryngeal stenosis is based upon the extent of the stenosis, as well as the general medical health of the patient. Treatment options include:
After treatment, patients with laryngeal stenosis require close follow-up care from a pulmonologist to monitor breathing function and check for any further obstructions in the airways.