Here are some steps that may lower the risk of cirrhosis.
Avoid or Limit Alcohol
Alcohol use disorder is a common cause of cirrhosis. The risk of is higher in people who drink a lot at one time and those who drink often.
Do Not Use Tobacco
Lower the Risk of Getting Hepatitis
- Limiting sexual activity to one partner
- Always using condoms during sexual activity
Hepatitis B and C can be spread through blood products and contaminated needles and syringes. People should not use IV drugs. Those who do should not share needles or syringes with others.
Hepatitis B can lead to cirrhosis. There is a vaccine that can prevent this infection.
Treat Non-Infectious Hepatitis
Autoimmune hepatitis and other non-infectious forms of hepatitis can lead to cirrhosis. Follow care plans for these health problems.
Screen for Genetic Disease
People with a family history of genetic liver disease should get screened.
Maintain a Healthy Weight
Obesity is a major cause of liver disease. Maintain a healthy weight through diet and exercise.
Autoimmune hepatitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/autoimmune-hepatitis. Accessed January 6, 2021.
Cirrhosis. American Liver Foundation website. Available at: http://www.liverfoundation.org/abouttheliver/info/cirrhosis. Accessed January 6, 2021.
Cirrhosis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/liver-disease/cirrhosis. Accessed January 6, 2021.
Cirrhosis of the liver. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/cirrhosis-of-the-liver-31. Accessed January 6, 2021.
Ge PS, Runyon BA. Treatment of Patients with Cirrhosis. N Engl J Med. 2016 Aug 25;375(8):767-777.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD
- Review Date: 12/2020
- Update Date: 01/06/2021