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by Preda A

Definition

Claustrophobia is a fear of closed-in or small spaces.

Physical reaction anxiety
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

The cause is not known. It may be a mix of genes and environment.

Risk Factors

Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:

  • Having other family members with the same problems
  • Having other mental health problems, such as anxiety

Symptoms

Claustrophobia starts during the child or teen years.

Problems may be:

  • Sweating
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Fast breathing
  • Problems breathing
  • Shaking
  • Lightheadedness or fainting
  • Nausea
  • Feelings of dread or terror

A person may also:

  • Look for exit doors when in a room
  • Feel very nervous if doors are shut
  • Not use elevators, subways, or airplanes
  • Not travel in a car in heavy traffic
  • Stand near exit doors in crowded places

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. This is often enough to make the diagnosis.

Treatment

Claustrophobia may go away on its own. Others may need treatment to manage the fear. Options are:

Prevention

There are no known guidelines to prevent this health problem.

RESOURCES

American Psychiatric Association  https://www.psychiatry.org 

Anxiety and Depression Association of America  https://adaa.org 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Mental Health Association  https://cmha.ca 

Canadian Psychiatric Association  https://www.cpa-apc.org 

References

Anxiety disorders. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml. Accessed November 18, 2020.

LeBeau RT, Glenn D, et al. Specific phobia: a review of DSM-IV specific phobia and preliminary recommendations for DSM-V. Depress Anxiety. 2010 Feb;27(2):148-167.

Specific phobia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/specific-phobia. Accessed November 18, 2020.

Treatment. Anxiety and Depression Association of America. Available at: https://adaa.org/finding-help/treatment. Accessed November 18, 2020.

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrian Preda, MD
  • Review Date: 09/2020
  • Update Date: 00/41/2021