by Polsdorfer R

Cancer is a disease in which cells grow in an abnormal way. Cells divide without control or order. These cells grow together to form a tumor. They can invade and damage nearby tissues. They can also spread to other parts of the body.

Not all tumors are cancer. Those that are cancer are called malignant. Ovarian cancer is when cancer cells start and grow in one or both ovaries. The ovaries make female hormones and eggs for reproduction.

Cancer Cell Growth
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There are different types of ovarian cancer. They include:

  • Epithelial—the most common, found on the surface of the ovary
  • Germ—from the reproductive cells
  • Stroma—rare, from the connective cells

Ovarian cancer can spread to nearby structures in the belly cavity. The cancer can also spread to nearby lymph nodes or blood vessels. Lymph nodes and blood vessels can carry cancer cells to other parts of the body. Ovarian cancer to spread to lymph nodes in other parts of the body. Other common places this cancer spreads are the lungs, liver, and bones.

Cancer in the Left Ovary
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What are the risk factors for ovarian cancer?What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer?How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?What are the treatments for ovarian cancer?Are there screening tests for ovarian cancer?How can I reduce my risk of ovarian cancer?What questions should I ask my doctor?Where can I get more information about ovarian cancer?


Ovarian cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Accessed March 23, 2022.

Ovarian cancer. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: Accessed March 23, 2022.

What is ovarian cancer? American Cancer Society website. Available at: Accessed March 23, 2022.

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