Non-infective endocarditis is the growth of blood clots on the valves and inner walls of the heart. They can damage the heart. The growths can also break off and block blood flow in the brain, lungs, or other areas of the body.
This condition is often caused by health problems that:
- Let the blood clot too easily
- Damage areas of the heart valve—such as an illness or birth defect
|Blood Flow through the Heart|
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Non-infective endocarditis is most common in those aged 30 to 70 years old. Things that raise the risk are:
The doctor will ask about symptoms and past health. A physical exam will be done. The doctor may test for endocarditis—if there have been problems with blood clots.
Diagnosis is based on tests, such as:
- Blood tests—to check for infection or clot issues
- Echocardiogram—to view heart and heart valves
- Biopsy—the growth is removed and tested
The goal is to stop the growth of more clots. This will help to prevent problems like a stroke. Medicine can make it harder for blood to clot. This can stop clots, but also increase the risk of bleeding.
Problems that raise the risk of blood clots will also need to be treated.
American Heart Association https://www.heart.org
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
Health Canada https://www.canada.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada https://www.heartandstroke.ca
Bussani R, De-Giogio F, et al. Overview and comparison of infectious endocarditis and non-infectious endocarditis: a review of 814 autoptic cases. In Vivo. 2019; 33(5): 1565–1572.
Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-nbte. Accessed September 1, 2021.
Noninfective endocarditis. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/cardiovascular-disorders/endocarditis/noninfective-endocarditis. Accessed September 1, 2021.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Nicole Meregian, PA
- Review Date: 07/2021
- Update Date: 09/01/2021