by EBSCO Medical Review Board

A risk factor is something that raises a person's chances of getting a disease or health problem. A person can have bladder cancer with or without the risks below. The more risks a person has, the greater the chances are.

Quitting Smoking

There are many harmful toxins in tobacco. They are filtered through the body. Many are passed in urine. This means the lining of the bladder is exposed to them.

Quitting smoking is the biggest step in lowering the risk of bladder and other cancers. The sooner smoking is stopped, the sooner the body can start to heal. The doctor can offer guidance on quitting.

Controlling Exposures at Work

Many people work in jobs that expose them to harmful chemicals. Finding safer work can helplower the risk of bladder cancer. If not, certain steps may help reduce harm. Check with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health or the Environmental Protection Agency for help.

Staying Hydrated

Water helps dilute harmful substances in the urine. Drinking plenty of water during the day helps flush out the bladder.

Eating a Healthful Diet

Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables is linked to lower risk of cancer. A healthful diet helps keep the immune system strong. It also helps control weight.


Bladder cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Accessed March 30, 2022.

Can bladder cancer be prevented? American Cancer Society website. Available at: Accessed March 30, 2022.

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