by Polsdorfer R

A risk factor increases the chance of getting a disease or condition. It is possible to have BPH with or without the risk factors listed below. The risk of BPH increases with the number of risk factors you have. The doctor can talk to you about your risk factors and ways to reduce them.

Risk factors for BPH are:

Age—The risk of BPH increases with age, starting at about age 40. The risk increases as you age.

Other things that may increase the risk of BPH are:


American Urological Association (AUA) Practice Guidelines Committee. AUA guideline on management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Available at: Accessed September 23, 2020.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: . Accessed September 21, 2020.

Pearson R, Williams PM. Common questions about the diagnosis and management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Am Fam Physician. 2014;90(11):769-774.

5/27/2014 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance : Gacci M, Corona G, et al. Metabolic syndrome and benign prostatic enlargement: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BJU Int. 2015;115(1):24-31.

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD
  • Review Date: 09/2020
  • Update Date: 11/04/2020