• Tardive Dyskinesis

Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a movement disorder. It results from using medicines used to treat psychiatric problems, like schizophrenia. TD causes repeating movements you cannot control. They may affect the face, limbs, or trunk.

It is treated with medicine. Medicines that cause TB may be stopped or changed. Some supplements may also lower the risk of problems. Some people may benefit from deep brain stimulation if other methods do not help.

Natural Therapies

May Be Effective

These therapies may provide benefit:

May Not Be Effective

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an omega-3 fatty acid found in cold-water fatty fish. It is also available in supplements. G1

Not Enough Data to Assess

Editorial process and description of evidence categories can be found at EBSCO NAT Editorial Process.

Editorial process and description of evidence categories can be found at EBSCO NAT Editorial Process.

Herbs and Supplements to Be Used With Caution

Talk to your doctor about all herbs or supplements you are taking. Some may interact with your treatment plan or health conditions. Some supplements discussed here have certain concerns such as:

  • Branched-chain amino acids may interfere with Parkinson disease medicines.
  • Ginkgo biloba may interact harmfully with many commonly prescribed medicines.
  • Vitamin B6 in high doses may result in nerve damage.
  • Vitamin E in excessive amounts may cause problems for people who take blood thinners, are diabetic, or are taking chemotherapy for cancer treatment.


Branched-chain Amino Acids

REFA1 Richardson MA1, Bevans ML, et al. Efficacy of the branched-chain amino acids in the treatment of tardive dyskinesia in men. Am J Psychiatry. 2003;160(6):1117-1124.

Ginkgo Biloba

REFB1 Zhang WF, Tan YL, Zhang XY, Chan RC, Wu HR, Zhou DF. Extract of Ginkgo biloba treatment for tardive dyskinesia in schizophrenia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2011;72(5):615-621.

REFB2 Zheng W, Xiang YQ, Ng CH, Ungvari GS, Chiu HF, Xiang YT. Extract of Ginkgo biloba for tardive dyskinesia: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. 2016;49(3):107-111.

REFB3 Soares-Weiser K, Rathbone J, et al. Miscellaneous treatments for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Mar 19;3:CD000208.

REFB4 Bhidayasiri R, Jitkritsadakul O, et al. Updating the recommendations for treatment of tardive syndromes: A systematic review of new evidence and practical treatment algorithm. J Neurol Sci. 2018 Jun 15;389:67-75.


REFC1 Shamir E, Barak Y, Plopsky I, Zisapel N, Elizur A, Weizman A. Is melatonin treatment effective for tardive dyskinesia? J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(8):556-568.

REFC2 Shamir E, Barak Y, Shalman I, et al. Melatonin treatment for tardive dyskinesia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2001;58(11):1049-1052.

REFC3 Castro F, Carrizo E, Prieto de Rincón D et al. Effectiveness of melatonin in tardive dyskinesia. Invest Clin. 2011;52(3):252-260.

Vitamin B6

REFD1 Adelufosi AO, Abayomi O, Ojo TM. Pyridoxal 5 phosphate for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;(4):CD010501.

Other Therapies

REFE1 Bergman H, Walker DM, et al. Systematic review of interventions for treating or preventing antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia. Health Technol Assess. 2017 Aug;21(43):1-218.

Vitamin E

REFF1 Soares-Weiser K, Maayan N, Bergman H. Vitamin E for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018;1:CD000209. F2. Pham DQ, Plakogiannis R. Vitamin E supplementation in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, tardive dyskinesia, and cataract: Part 2. Ann Pharmacother. 2005 Dec;39(12):2065-72.

Eicosapentaenoic Acid

REFG1 Emsley R, Niehaus DJ, et al. The effects of eicosapentaenoic acid in tardive dyskinesia: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Schizophr Res. 2006 May;84(1):112-120.

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: EBSCO NAT Review Board Eric Hurwitz, DC
  • Review Date: 12/2019
  • Update Date: 06/26/2020