by Scholten A

The goal of early stage treatment is to remove as much of the cancer as possible. It is also to try to keep the esophagus working. Other treatment may help to keep cancer from spreading or coming back. A variety of treatments may be used.

Esophageal cancer is often found in later stages. In later stages, the goal may be comfort and easing symptoms. This is because late stage cancer treatments can be difficult. The risks and benefits need to be considered. Counseling or support groups can help the patient and family.

The goal is to have the best possible outcome. The healthcare team will provide support. It is important to go to all advised appointments.

Esophageal cancer treatment includes:

Many patients want to take part in a clinical trial. Clinical trials are used to see if new treatments work and are safe. More information can be found at the US National Institutes of Health website.


Esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Accessed March 15, 2021.

Esophageal cancer. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: Accessed March 15, 2021.

Esophagus cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at Accessed March 15, 2021.

Short MW, Burgers KG, et al. Esophageal Cancer. Am Fam Physician. 2017;95(1):22-28.

Treatment option overview. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: Accessed March 15, 2021.

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