Vitreous hemorrhage is when blood leaks into the gel-like fluid of the eye. This can cause problems seeing.
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This problem may be caused by damaged or abnormal blood vessels in the back of the eye. Rarely, it may be caused by bleeding from other parts of the eye.
This problem is more common in people with medical conditions and injuries that can cause damage to the blood vessels of the eye, such as:
Blood in the gel of the eye may cause these vision problems:
- Black spots, floaters, or light flashes
- Blurriness or haziness
- Seeing red
- Vision loss
Vision problems may worse in the morning.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. An eye exam will be done.
A slit-lamp will be used to view the back of the eye to look for signs of bleeding. Some people may have an ultrasound instead.
Most people get better without treatment. The doctor will monitor a person for changes. Others will need to have the underlying cause treated.
Some people may need surgery. Vitrectomy may be done to remove the hemorrhage.
The risk of this problem may be lowered by:
- Managing chronic health problems, such as diabetes
- Taking steps to avoid eye injury, such as wearing safety goggles when needed
Eye Smart—American Academy of Ophthalmology http://www.geteyesmart.org
National Eye Institute https://nei.nih.gov
Canadian Association of Optometrists https://opto.ca
Canadian Ophthalmological Society http://www.cos-sco.ca
Berdahl JP, Mruthyunjaya P. Vitreous hemorrhage: Diagnosis and treatment. American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.aao.org/eyenet/article/vitreous-hemorrhage-diagnosis-treatment-2?march-2007. Accessed February 15, 2021.
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy. Accessed February 15, 2021.
Gariano RF, Kim CH. Evaluation and management of suspected retinal detachment. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Apr 1;69(7):1691-1698.
Retinal detachment. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/retinal-detachment. Accessed February 15, 2021.
Vitreous hemorrhage. Eye Institute website. Available at: http://www.eyeinstitute.co.nz/the-eye/eye-diseases-and-conditions/vitreous-haemorrhage.htm. Accessed February 15, 2021.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board James P. Cornell, MD
- Review Date: 12/2020
- Update Date: 02/15/2021