Uterine rupture is a tear in the muscle of the uterus (womb). It is a rare problem. It can happen when giving birth.
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It happens more often in women who have had prior surgery on their womb, such as a cesarean section (c-section).
You may be at risk if you have:
- Had a rupture before
- A womb that is not typical
- Surgery on your womb in the past, such as a c-section
- Had drugs to start birth
- A baby after being pregnant for 42 weeks
- A large womb, such as from being pregnant with more than one baby
Many people do not have signs. Signs that may happen are:
- Belly pain that starts quickly
- Bleeding from the birth canal
- Slowing or stopping of contractions
If your baby is having problems, the doctor will deliver the baby right away. It will likely be done by c-section. If the baby is not delivered right away, it could result in lasting harm to the brain, problems due to lack of oxygen, or death.
Diagnosis is confirmed during surgery.
If you have one or more risks, make a birth plan with your doctor.
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org
American Pregnancy Association http://americanpregnancy.org
Canadian Women's Health Network http://www.cwhn.ca
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada https://sogc.org
Trial of labor after cesarean section (TOLAC). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114838/Trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-section-TOLAC . Updated August 20, 2019. Accessed March 25, 2019.
Uterine rupture: caring for the patient with. EBSCO Nursing Reference Center website. Available at: https://www.ebscohost.com/nursing/products/nursing-reference-center . Updated June 23, 2017. Accessed March 26, 2019.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Beverly Siegal, MD, FACOG
- Review Date: 03/2019
- Update Date: 03/26/2019