Pes cavus may be caused by another health problem, such as:
- Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
- Cerebral palsy
- Friedreich ataxia
- Spinal cord tumor
- Compartment syndrome
- Crush injury
This problem is more common in people who are over 60 years of age. It is also more common in women.
Some people may not have symptoms. People who do may have:
- Pain in 1 or both feet
- Problems walking
- A history of ankle sprains
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You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on your feet. This is enough to make the diagnosis.
Images may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. This can be done with x-rays.
Any health problems causing pes cavus will need to be treated. These methods may also be used:
- Physical therapy
- A change in shoes, shoe inserts, or a brace to manage symptoms
People who are not helped by these methods may need surgery. The type of surgery done depends on what is causing the pes cavus.
American Podiatric Medical Association http://www.apma.org
Foot Health Facts—American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons http://www.foothealthfacts.org
Canadian Federation of Podiatric Medicine http://www.podiatryinfocanada.ca
Canadian Podiatric Medical Association http://www.podiatrycanada.org
Cavus foot (high-arched foot). American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.foothealthfacts.org/conditions/cavus-foot-(high-arched-foot). Accessed July 30, 2020.
Eleswarapu AS, Yamini B, et al. Evaluating the Cavus Foot. Pediatr Ann. 2016 Jun 1;45(6):e218-222.
Pes cavus. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114709/Pes-cavus . Updated September 26, 2017. Accessed July 30, 2020.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Laura Lei-Rivera, PT, DPT
- Review Date: 03/2020
- Update Date: 03/12/2021